How to Start Aloe Vera Cultivation Beginners Guide: Aloe vera is a medicinal plant which is widely using in medicines. If you are going grow aloe vera at your home or for the commercial purpose this is the right place to know the better information. This belongs to the family of Liliaceae. Well, nowadays all types of medicines are making with aloe vera. The cultivation is so easy in any region of India. Before this, we have provided information on the Advantages and Disadvantages of Aloe Vera Farming in India. Now check below to know the guide for beginners to start aloe vera cultivation in India.
How To Start Aloe Vera Cultivation of Aloe vera In India:
This is the easiest process to grow aloe vera in any region of India. Mostly aloe vera is used as a medicinal plant. In future, Aloe vera cultivation is a booming business. Before you start the cultivation you should know about these.
CLIMATE: Aloe Vera has a wide adaptability and it can grow in various climatic conditions. It can also able to grow even in warm humid conditions. It is intolerant to extreme cold conditions.
The plant flourishes well on dry sandy soils at localities with lower annual rainfall of 50 to 300 mm and needs to protect from frost and low winter temperature.
SOILS: This plant can be grown in a variety of soils ranging from sandy coastal soils to loamy soils of plains. It is sensitive to waterlogged conditions. The crop also comes up well in light soils.
Furthermore, it can tolerate higher pH and high Na and K salts. Growth is faster under medium-fertile, heavy soils such as black cotton soils.
It grows well with thicker foliage in well-drained, loam to coarse sandy loam soils with pH ranging from 7.0 to 8.5
VARIETIES: Well, there are different types of aloe vera plants are available some of them are.
- Aloe barbedensis
- A. chinensis
- A. perfoliata
- A. vul-garis
- A. indica
- A. littoralis
- A. Abyssinia.
Well, National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources and ICAR has released some varieties like
- IC111280 etc.
Propagation of Aloe Vera Plants in India:
Aloe vera is propagated by root suckers or rhizome cuttings. Well, due to this reason, medium-sized root suckers are identified and carefully dug out without damaging the parent plant at the base and directly planting into the main field.
While you can also propagate Aloe Vera through rhizome cuttings. In this case, after the harvest of the crop well, the underground rhizome is also dug out and made in 5-6 cm long cuttings which have at least 2-3 nodes on them.
Furthermore, rooting is done in specially prepared sand beds or containers. You have to transplant the Aloe Vera, once you see the sprouting. On an average, there is a requirement of about 25000 suck-ers for a nursery of 1 ha size (10000 for 1-acre nursery).
Spacing and Plant Population of Aloe Vera: You have to follow a spacing of 90 cm x 45 cm. This accommodates about 25000 plants per hectare.
Land Preparation and Planting: For the preparation of land, you have to plough thoroughly. Apart from that, you have to add Farmyard manure @ 20 t/ha during the final round of ploughing. You have to make Ridges and furrows at 45 cm apart. While you have to provide irrigation to the plot if necessary. As the last part, you have to plant the suckers at 90 cm apart.
Manure and Fertilizer Application in Aloe Vera Farming:
The crop responds well to the application of farmyard manure and compost. During the first year of the plantation, you can add FYM @20 t/ha at the time of land preparation. While you have to continue the same in the subsequent years. Besides you can also apply vermicompost @2.5 tonnes/hectare.
Irrigation in Aloe Vera Farming Project: This is the process of supplying water to the plants. Furthermore, provide water to the crops daily in the morning and in the evening.
Plant protection: Fungus is the most common thing in Aloe Vera which causes leaf spot disease. Well, this affects yield and quality of the gel adversely. Hence you can use fungicides to control this disease.
This the process of cultivation of Aloe vera crop in India. Furthermore, if you are having any doubts regarding How to Start Aloe Vera Cultivation, then you can comment your questions. Check the below link to know more about the Aloe Vera Farming Project.