How To Start a Cow Dairy Farm in India

How to Start Cow Dairy farm in India: If you are looking to start a new business on a dairy farm then this is the best place. Because you will find the best answers to the questions which are rising in your mind. This guide will also help you to know the better information about the dairy and its farm and farm management. Planning to form a new business on dairy is a good and best planning to set a new business. Business forming on a dairy farm is a simple process. While coming to the dairy business you no need to worry about the place and season or any climatic problems.

You can set your dairy business in any region, place, and in any climate and in any season. In India milk is having a great demand, the preference of milk is increasing day by day not only in India but also throughout the world. Due to the increase in population, the consumption of milk is also increasing daily.

Cow Dairy Farm

Cow Dairy farming in India project report

Mostly unemployed people are looking to set the business on dairy farming and they are increasing the double income. The production of milk is increasing about 3 to 5% in every year. So many people are trying to set the business on dairy in small scale and large scale. Due to the lack of knowledge people are unable to set their business on the dairy farm. We are going to give you a proper information about the dairy business setup and planning. You no need to start a large industry but you start a small scale dairy and within a few years you can make it to large-scale dairy.

BEFORE YOU STARTING THE COW DAIRY FARM YOU NEED TO LOOK OVER THESE:

1st plan on dairy business: You have to know the proper information about the practical work in the dairy farm from the local veterinary colleges or any universities related to agriculture or veterinary. The maximum you go to KVK (Krishi Vidhya Kendra) which is very near to you and get the information about how to rare the animals and how to feed the animals properly and time to time.

2nd plan on dairy business: Go and visit the local dairy farms about how they are maintaining their dairy. Try to know the problems of their dairy and the diseases of cows and try to know solutions to get over those problems.

3rd plan on dairy business: Always try to read the information on dairy and its farming in magazines which are related to dairy business, open the youtube and check the videos how to rare the animals in dairy.

4th plan on dairy business: If you are unable to invest the full money in this dairy farming go and visit the local agriculture banks like Grameena bank or any co-operative bank and get the information about the loans and subsidies regarding your business.

COW

Small dairy farm business plan (Cow Dairy Farm)

5th plan on dairy business: In this case, you have to learn about the Fodders and the fodder management. There the different types of fodders like dry fodder and green fodder. By learning about the fodder you can gain more profits regarding this dairy business.

6th plan on dairy business: regarding this plan you have to go to the animal markets. There you try to know about the marketing of animals like cost, production, lactation period, and about the types of breeds. If you are unable to know about the breeds don’t worry, we will provide all the information about those breeds and all the information about the marketing.

7th plan on dairy business: In this case, you have learned about how to manage the labours and how to select the good labours and how to train your labours in your in the dairy business.

For the implementation of dairy business in rural areas and the development of small-scale dairy business, some banks are providing loans and subsidies. As per the demand, the bank like NABARD (National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development) are providing the subsidies and loans to help the farmers and to the small-scale dairy business people especially in villages and rural areas in some cases they are providing the loans who want to open the dairy business in urban areas too.

So next you are going to know or learn about the dairy business plan on our site. For example, let us take about 20 cows to give the proper information about your dairy business and it depends upon your number of cows you are going to take in your dairy business.

Buffalo Milk vs Cow Milk Comparison

COW DAIRY FARM BUSINESS PLAN AND ITS REQUIREMENTS:

There are so many things that you don’t know about how to start a dairy business. So you no need to be worried about that. We are going to provide the whole and proper information about dairy, dairy business, types of breeds, types of fodder, types of diseases in animals, types of vaccinations, and how to manage the labours and labour management skills.

1. LAND: In dairy, business land plays the major role. If it is a cultivation land you will gain more profits than other dairy business farms. 2achers of land is more enough to rare about 15 to 20 cattle in your dairy farm. You can produce or cultivate your own fodders like green fodder. This might be very useful and gets you more benefit than other dairy farms.

2. SHED: You have to prepare the shed before you bring the cattle into your dairy farm. The shed must be fully covered and properly maintained. You have to provide some electric facilities like fans to provide them with a proper air to the cattle during in summers days.

3. WATER: In dairy farm water also plays a major role. We have to provide pure and clean water to the cattle. Water is more essential for the cultivation of green fodder in your farm. We require more water to clean the shed and to clean the animals to maintain them healthy in all the condition.

Dairy farming in india project proposal

4. FODDER: There are three types of fodder for the which are used to feed your cattle. They are Green Fodder, Dry Fodder and for the extra nutrition use Feed Concentrations. All these fodder are helpful to increase the milk lactations in yours cattle.

5. SELECTION OF BREED: You have to select the good breeds of cows which gives the better milk yield. Some major breeds in India are GIR, ONGOLE, RED-SINDHI, SAHIWAL. These are the cows mostly preferred in India and they give more milk while comparing to the local breeds which you see daily in your localities.

6. VACCINATIONS: To control the diseases of your cattle, you have to use the vaccinations by which your cattle can be in good and healthy condition. To maintain the health condition of your cattle you have to hire a veterinary doctor, let him visit your farm once in a month for the regular checkup of your cattle.

SHED PREPARATION IN THE BUSINESS OF COW DAIRY FARM:

In the preparation of shed in the dairy farm, you to prepare a fully spacious shed to your cattle, due to this your cattle don’t feel the spacing problem they can walk freely and they can feel the good air among the herd of the cattle. For an example let us take one cow the space required to maintain one single cow is about 8 x 12 feet of area. For fifteen cows we need to prepare shed for 120 x 12 feet of a shed.

While coming to the twenty cows we have to prepare about 180 x 12 feet of area to maintain a shed on the dairy farm. In this process, we have to separate the cows into two groups by facing each other head to head. In between these two groups, we have to construct cow feeders, by this process cows can feed the food by facing head to head this process is called ‘Head To Head Feeding Arrangement’.

While constructing the shed in your dairy farm it must be away from the water stagnant area. The roof of the shed must be in good quality and highly sustainable during summer and rainy season. The good outlet drainage system should be prepared well through which the urine of cows can pass out without storing inside the shed. The wastage of cows like cow dung should be stored away from the dairy farm, you can use these cow dung as a manure in your green fodder cultivation. Proper ventilation should be maintained in the shed by sunlight and air can pass into the shed. Pipeline facilities of water should be maintained to clean the shed and animals daily. By doing this process daily animals will remain in good health condition.

FODDER MANAGEMENT IN COW DAIRY FARM:

Feeding of fodder plays the major role in the cow dairy farm. By providing the proper fodder to the cows they can increase the yielding capacity about 1 litre while comparing to the normal days of having normal food or normal grass. For an example, one single cow needs to feed about 1kg of concentrate along with the 2.5lit. of milk yield. If a cow gives 15 litres of milk daily then it must be feed about 6kg of concentrate with the mixing of minerals.

Fodder

Calculate the cost starting a Dairy farm

As we already discussed the three types of fodder in above sentence.

  1. DRY FODDER
  2. GREEN FODDER
  3. CONCENTRATE OF MINERAL MIXTURE.

1. DRY FODDER: While coming to the dry fodder, we have to use the wheat barn, maize barn, sugarcane barn, wheat hay, the straw of rice/paddy. These are the essential dry fodders which are used to feed the cows in dairy farming.

dry       Dry

2. GREEN FODDER: They are naturally cultivated in any agriculture field. As we discussed above that if we are having more land we can cultivate our own green fodder in our dairy farm. The green fodder provides more proteins and minerals to the cattle by which the cattle can increase more milk yield. Some green fodders like any gram crops, berseem, maize/corn. While others are co-2 grass which people use it as a green fodder. Most of the people don’t know about one crop which is

Most of the people don’t know about one crop which is more essential in feeding the cows as a green fodder. The name of that crop is CUMBU NAPIER. This is the major crop which can be useful to feed the cows for better yielding of the milk in your dairy farm. Generally, we need 2 to 3 acres of land is enough to cultivate these green fodder. You can grow fodder for 15 to 20 cows on your dairy farm.

green     green

3. CONCENTRATES OF MINERAL MIXTURE: The minerals and concentrations are very essential to feed the cows on your dairy farm. Some of the famous concentrates are Neem cake, Groundnut oil cake. People also use sesame oil cake and more others concentrates as the animal feed of dairy farm.

Concentrate

WATER SUPPLY IN THE BUSINESS OF COW DAIRY FARM:

In dairy farm water also plays a major role. We have to provide pure and clean water to the cattle. Water is more essential for the cultivation of green fodder in your farm. We require more water to clean the shed and to clean the animals. This is important to maintain them healthy in all the conditions.

SELECTION OF BREEDS IN THE BUSINESS OF COW DAIRY FARM:

You have to select the good breeds of cows which gives the better milk yield. Some major breeds in India are GIR, ONGOLE, RED-SINDHI, SAHIWAL. These are the cows that People prefer mostly in India. As they give more milk while comparing to the local breeds which you see daily in your localities. Hence you have to select these breeds for your Cow Dairy Farm in India.

GIR:  GIR originates from the forest of south Kathiawar, Saurashtra. The synonyms of this cow are Bhodhali, Desan, Gujarati, Sorthi, Khathiwari and Surathi. The lactation period of GIR is about 3,175 kg in 325 days. These breeds give the yield 4-7kg per day. The yield of well-maintained cows gives 1,675kg. Bulls of this Gir breed are of preferable for beef meet and they even transport to the other countries. Gir is one of the world famous breed in the tolerance of stress conditions.

RED-SINDHI: This Red-Sindhi breed is also famous as Red Karachi or Mahi. These originate from the southern regions of Kohistan, the provenance of Sindh which is present in Pakistan. The milk yield is at an average level is 1,725kg. These Sindh cattle are most common in the Indian dairy farms. They also use in the marketing of beef to export to other countries.

Red Sindhi Milk Production

SAHIWAL: People call these Sahiwal breeds with common names such as Lambi bar, Lola, Mulanti, Montgomerie and Teli. These breeds originate from the Montgomery district in Pakistan. The average milk yield of this breed is about 2,175 kg to 3,175 kg in the lactation period of 325 days. Mostly the bulls of these breeds are helpful in the fields of agriculture.

ONGOLE BREED: They originate from the Nellore district of Andhra Pradesh in India. The common name or local name is Ongole Gitta in Telugu and Nellore breed. The average milk yield of this breed is 1500 kg in the lactation period of 325 days. People use the bulls of this Ongole breeds in bull racing and in agricultural work practices. In 1988 this Ongole breed won the 1st and best in the livestock in India.

The Following List is of Major Cow Breeds:

VACCINATION IN THE BUSINESS OF COW DAIRY FARM:

During the process of vaccination, you should not take your own decisions. It is better to consult the veterinary doctors and take the proper decisions. The following table describes the types of diseases and types of vaccinations for the cattle on the cow dairy farm.

DESCRIPTION OF VACCINATIONS IN THE BUSINESS OF DAIRY FARM:

ANTHRAX (GORHI): Anthrax is highly infectious disease especially in the cattle of your dairy farm. It is caused due to large spore farming of rectangularly shaped bacteria named as Bacillus anthracis. Anthrax is mainly a soil born disease it might affect even after years and outbreak. We can prevent this by cleaning the shed properly at a time to time in a regular time of period.

BLACK QUARTER (SUJAB): This is one of the infectious diseases especially occurs due to the contamination of wounds and injections in the cattle. The symptoms of this disease are high fever to the cattle, it feels difficult while taking breathe, increase in pulse and heart rate, mainly swelling in wounds and lameness. You can prevent by taking care of the cows and regular checkup from a veterinary doctor at regular intervals.

HAEMORRHAGIC SEPTICAEMIA (GALGHOTU): Haemorrhagic Septicaemia is an economically important and dangerous disease in dairy farm cows. This disease effect on the immune system of the cow. This disease is caused due to the Pasteurella multocida.

BRUCELLOSIS (CONTAGIOUS ABORTION): This disease causes due to the effect of two species namely Brucella and Br.abortus. Especially this disease occurs in the sexually mature and non-pregnant heifers. Due to this disease, the abortion may happen to the cows and the urinal passage in the milk.

FOOT AND MOUTH DISEASE (MUHKHAR): These Foot and Mouth diseases occur trough contagious virus in the cattle. The diseases can spread in between the cows and to the humans too. The major symptoms of this disease are Fever, Weight loss, Loss of appetite, Blisters in the mouth and on feet, Quivering lips and frothing of mouth, Lameness, Drop in milk production, Cows may develop blisters on teats.

COST OF SETTING UP OF A DAIRY FARM IN INDIA:

So many people worry about ‘how to manage the cost setting of dairy farm’ or ‘cost of setting up of a dairy farm’. The cost setting of the dairy farm in India is very low while comparing to other countries. If you don’t have the enough money to start the dairy farm business, then you can take the loan from the NABARD bank and you can take some subsidies from the banks and Government.

For an example let us take 20 cows to set the cost of the dairy farm if the cost of the cow is about the 60,000rps. it depends upon the individual breeds. For 20 cows it takes about 12.00,00rps. The assets of the dairy farm are shed, machinery, milk unit, their costs are shed 1,00,000rps to 1,50,000rps. Milk unit cost is about 2,00,000rps. Fodder cost is about 1,00,000 to 2,00,000rps. Worker wages is about 3000 to 5000 per month. This is the cost setup of the dairy farm in India. By following this you can start your dairy business in India.

CONCLUSION IN THE BUSINESS OF COW DAIRY FARM:

By following all the tips and information given above you can start a perfect business on the dairy farm. Furthermore, on the basis of this information, the following states have started already and are practising the business on the dairy farm, whether it is a small scale or the large scale. While some states like Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Punjab, Haryana, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh and Assam. While according to me you start a business on the dairy farm in a small scale and make it to large scale. By following all the information given above you can start the perfect business on the dairy farm and you can gain more profits in less time of period.

While according to me you start a business on the dairy farm in a small scale and make it to large scale. By following all the information given above you can start the perfect business on the dairy farm and you can gain more profits in less time of period. Since Cow Dairy Farm in India is a fruitful business in India, it will help you definitely for sure.

These are all the things that you will require to start a Cow Dairy Farm in India. We hope that the information in this article has helped you to start a Cow Dairy Business in India. If you feel that this article is helpful to you, then you can share this article with your friends and other colleagues. Thank You.

6 thoughts on “How To Start a Cow Dairy Farm in India

  1. A simple and effecient platform to learn about agribusiness and gain information of many sectors in agriculture.

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